Archive for May, 2015

What are Autoimmune Disorders?

An autoimmune disorder develops when your body believes that your healthy cells are foreign and starts working against them.  Normally, our immune system defends our body from what it perceives to be dangerous. With an autoimmune disorder, a flaw makes the body unaware of what is foreign and what is not, causing it to make autoantibodies that attack normal cells. This response, called an autoimmune reaction, results in inflammation and tissue damage. It can also cause a negative change in organs by affecting normal growth and function.

An autoimmune disorder can be difficult to diagnose, as there are over 75 types. They are usually diagnosed by blood tests which can help identify a presence of inflammation. Doctors usually use a combination of test results to determine the presence of an autoimmune disorder. Common autoimmune disorders include Type 1 diabetes, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Causes of these disorders are unknown, but affect more than 23 million Americans and are the leading cause of death and disability. Although autoimmune disorders can affect anyone, they are more common in women during their childbearing years. Environmental exposures and genetics are also known factors.

A common treatment for autoimmune reactions is to suppress the immune system. However, this can interfere with the body’s ability to fight actual diseases or infections. Most autoimmune diseases are chronic and require medication throughout life to keep symptoms in control.

As with all diseases, early detection of an autoimmune disorder is important. For a complete list of ELISA test kits for these disorders, visit our site.