Fertility Testing 101: Part I

fertility testingWhen discussing fertility options with your doctor many questions usually arise. The beginning is usually a physical exam, routine blood tests to measure female hormone levels, thyroid hormones, prolactin, male hormones, HIV and hepatitis. Further procedures are then usually considered. Here are a few tests and procedures that are customary in fertility testing.

  • Blood Screenings – In both men and women, Follicle-Stimulating Hormones (FSH) are measured. This controls the production of eggs in women, as well as the production of sperm in men. Both parties will have their FSH levels monitored through blood testing. Also, Luteinizing Hormone will also be measured through a blood test as this can also play into female menstrual cycle regulation, as well as male testosterone production.
  • BBT Charting – This would be basal body temperature charting. BBT including checking ovulation. It cannot always be accurate; however, it is a customary recommendation of a physician since it can be performed at home and causes no discomfort.
  • Hysterosalpinogram – A hysterosalpinogram is also known as a HSG. This procedure includes a series of x-rays taken of the fallopian tubes after a dye is injected. It can show blockages to the uterus, as well as defects.

All of these tests can help to determine fertility status. A physician will guide the patient to see which tests are necessary for each situation. Most testing can be 80% conclusive in deciding fertility of a couple.

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