Posts Tagged ‘Diabetes Assays ELISA kits’

Diabetes: The Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2

sugar-973899_640Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes both share the problem of high levels of blood sugar. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and the complications of both types of diabetes, but the similarities stop there. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are two different diseases. In the United States, 25.8 million people have diabetes; type 1 diabetes affects just 5 percent of those people, with type 2 diabetes affecting up to 95 percent.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease – the body’s immune system attacking the cells in the pancreas that makes insulin. The exact cause is uncertain, but it is thought that a combination of the body’s genes, as well as environmental triggers, lead to this condition.

A portion of the cause of Type 2 diabetes can be inherited and makes a person susceptible, but lifestyle factors like obesity and inactivity are also key components. With type 2 diabetes, at least in the early stages, there is enough insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of the disease, a poor diet, an inactive lifestyle and obesity.

Presently there is no prevention or cure for type 1 diabetes. As for type 2 diabetes, a healthy lifestyle, including a well-balanced diet and moderate exercise, are key to prevention as well as reducing issues after diagnosis. Are you a doctor’s office, lab or hospital and need quick diabetes testing tools such as Diabetes Assays Elisa Kits, check out our selection at

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

acarbose-867863_1280Type 1 diabetes, formerly known as juvenile diabetes, is a chronic autoimmune condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s own immune system – which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses – mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain environmental factors, such as viruses, may trigger the disease. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it also can begin in adults.

Type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms can come on quickly and may include:
Increased thirst
Frequent urination
Bedwetting in children who previously didn’t wet the bed during the night
Extreme hunger
Unintended weight loss
Irritability and other mood changes
Fatigue and weakness
Blurred vision
In females, a vaginal yeast infection

Type 1 diabetes can affect major organs in your body, including heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Keeping your blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications.

If you suspect that you or your child might have type 1 diabetes, get evaluated immediately. Diabetes Assays ELISA kits can let your doctor know if you need further evaluation and treatment.

Despite active research, type 1 diabetes has no cure. But it can be managed. With proper treatment, people with type 1 diabetes can expect to live longer, healthier lives than did people with type 1 diabetes in the past.