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Alcohol and Drug tests

About Alcohol and Drug Tests

 

Los Angeles based Diagnostic Automation/Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. offers Multi Panel Drug and Alcohol Tests for any combination of Amphetamin (AMP), Barbiturate (BAR), Benzodiazepine (BZD), Buprenorphine (BUP),  Cannabinoid (THC), Cocaine (COC), Ecstasy (MDMA), Fentanyl (FTYL), Ketamine, Methadone (MTD), Methamphetamine (MET), Methylphenidate (MPD), Opiate (OPI) (MOR), Opiate II (OPI) (MOR) (HER), Oxycodone (Oxy), Phencyclidine (PCP), Propoxyphene (PRP), Tramadol, Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA),  and ALCOHOL.  This multi drug test kit is designed for qualitative determination of drug and alcohol substances in human urine specimens.  These Drug and Alcohol Tests are highly accurate and cost effective.

 

QUESTIONS ABOUT ALCOHOL – ALCOHOL EDUCATION

 

Many private and public institutions ask about alcohol and drug tests.   Questions about alcohol and drug tests are frequently posed to our customer representatives.  Drug testing and alcohol testing is common in the workplace, at school, rehab facilities, and in the judicial courts.  Perhaps the largest legal, social, and economic issue in the workplace is the use of drugs and alcohol.  The reality for employers is that drug and alcohol use can affect employees’ health and productivity and impact safety in the workplace.  Starting with an Alcohol education is an important part of understanding the effects of combining alcohol and drugs by individuals, and many companies are finding the internet a good place to start getting information about alcohol, what is alcohol, alcohol and drug use, and alcohol and drug testing devices that are available.

 

The questions about alcohol and what is alcohol can be answered by looking at the effects of alcohol.  When a person drinks alcohol, the alcohol is absorbed by the stomach, enters the bloodstream, and goes to all the tissues.  When alcohol is ingested, it is absorbed directly from the proximal small intestine and distributed throughout the entire fluid space of the body.  After equilibrium is reached, alcohol will be found in all tissues of the body in proportion to their water content.  Urine is the most practical specimen for alcohol testing.  Peak urine alcohol levels are reached 45 to 60 minutes after alcohol ingestion.  At this time, urine alcohol levels are typical about 1.3 times greater than the corresponding blood alcohol concentration.  This ratio is only valid during the elimination phase, which occurs after the blood alcohol level has peaked and is decreasing.  Alcohol may be detected in the urine for 1 to 2 hours longer than it is detected in blood.

 

EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL

 

Effects of alcohol use depend on a variety of factors, including a person’s size, weight, age, sex, and the amount of food and alcohol consumed.  The effects of moderate alcohol consumption includes dizziness and talkativeness; large amounts of alcohol include slurred speech, insomnia, and nausea.  Alcohol impairs judgment and coordination required in the workplace and in driving a car.  Alcohol consumption at any level can cause aggressive or even violent behavior at home, school, or at the workplace.  Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction, commonly known as alcoholism.  Withdrawal symptoms occur when alcohol intake is stopped.  Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol can lead to permanent damage to vital organs, such as the liver, causing cirrhosis of the liver.  Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome.  In addition, research shows that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics.  Acute alcohol intoxication can lead to loss of alertness, coma, and even death.

 

ABOUT ALCOHOL AND DRUG COMBINATIONS

 

Hundreds of studies show that combining alcohol and drugs is extremely dangerous.  The simple fact is that alcohol is a drug, and when alcohol consumption is combined with other drugs, it can be lethal.  For example, alcohol and depressants can slow down the central nervous system, produce loss of coordination, cause coma, and result in high risk of overdose and death.  Alcohol and anti-depressants increase central nervous system depression and cause massive blood pressure increases which can result in brain hemorrhage and death.  Alcohol and antibiotics decrease the effectiveness of antibiotics and cause other problems such as headaches, nausea, low blood pressure, or irregular heart beat.  Alcohol and opiates (heroin and morphine) can lead to serious nervous system depression and death.  Alcohol and marijuana (cannabis) more than doubles the effect of marijuana and increases the absorption of toxins.  Alcohol and cocaine can increase blood pressure and when alcohol and cocaine are mixed, the body converts their broken-down products into cocaethylene, a chemical more deadly than cocaine, which increases the risk of overdose.

 

ALCOHOL AND DRUG TESTING PRODUCTS

 

Diagnostic Automation/Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. offers some of the most effective drug and alcohol testing devices available.  We offer various products which provide a definite way to determine the presence, or level of alcohol and drug in a person’s body.  Our alcohol and drug testing products are very easy to use and provide rapid, accurate, and reliable results.

 

The Drug and Alcohol Testing device is based on the principle of specific immunochemical reaction between antibodies and antigens to analyze particular compounds in human urine specimen. The assay relies on the competition for binding antibody between drug conjugate and free drug which may be present in the urine specimen being tested.  When any combination of drug or alcohol is present in the urine specimen, it competes with drug conjugate for the limited amount of antibody-dye conjugate. When the amount of the drug or alcohol is equal or more than the cut-off, it will prevent the binding of drug conjugate to the antibody. Therefore, a positive urine specimen on the drug and alcohol test will not show a colored band on the test line zone, indicating a positive result, while the presence of a colored band indicates a negative result.  A control line is present in the test window to work as procedural control. This colored band should always appear on the control line zone if the drug and alcohol drug testing device is stored in good condition and the drug and alcohol drug test is performed appropriately.

 

The blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at which a person becomes impaired is variable. The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) has established a BAC of 0.02% (0.02g/dL) as the cut-off level at which an individual is considered positive for the presence of alcohol.  Since urine alcohol concentration is normally higher than that in saliva and blood, the cutoff concentration for alcohol in urine is set at 0.04%.

 

This multi drug and alcohol test kit provides only a preliminary analytical test result. A more specific alternative chemical method must be used in order to obtain a confirmed analytical result.  Gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been established as the preferred confirmatory method by the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Clinical consideration and professional judgment should be applied to any drug of abuse test result, particularly when preliminary positive results are indicated.

 

The optional built-in Adulteration Test is for validation of urine specimen’s integrity and must not be used for In Vitro diagnostic use.  The cutoff level for this Drug and Alcohol Test is 0.04%  For customized cutoff level multi drug and alcohol drug tests, please contact Customer Service.  This multi panel drug and alcohol test is available as a Rapid Test strip format.