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All you need to know about EBOLA

Risk of Exposure and History

Ebola viruses are found in several African countries. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks of Ebola among humans have appeared sporadically in Africa.

Risk

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with the blood or body fluids of sick patients. People also can become sick with Ebola after coming in contact with infected wildlife. For example, in Africa, Ebola may spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. The virus also can be spread through contact with objects (like clothes, bedding, needles, syringes/sharps or medical equipment) that have been contaminated with the virus or with infected animals.

Past Ebola Outbreaks

Past Ebola outbreaks have occurred in the following countries:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of the Congo (ROC)
  • South Africa (imported)

Current Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history and is affecting multiple countries in West Africa. One imported case from Liberia and associated locally acquired cases in healthcare workers have been reported in the United States, and one confirmed case has been reported in Spain.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of Ebola include

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

Diagnosis

Diagnosing Ebola in an person who has been infected for only a few days is difficult, because the early symptoms, such as fever, are nonspecific to Ebola infection and are seen often in patients with more commonly occurring diseases, such as malaria and typhoid fever.

However, if a person has the early symptoms of Ebola and has had contact with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola, contact with objects that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola, or contact with infected animals, they should be isolated and public health professionals notified. Samples from the patient can then be collected and tested to confirm infection.

Transmission

Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola viruses has not yet been identified, the way in which the virus first appears in a human at the start of an outbreak is unknown. However, scientists believe that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal, such as a fruit bat or primate (apes and monkeys), which is called a spillover event. Person-to-person transmission follows and can lead to large numbers of affected people. In some past Ebola outbreaks, primates were also affected by Ebola, and multiple spillover events occurred when people touched or ate infected primates.

When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected fruit bats or primates (apes and monkeys)

Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only a few species of mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus.

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.

During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings (such as a clinic or hospital). Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, including masks, gowns, and gloves and eye protection.

Dedicated medical equipment (preferable disposable, when possible) should be used by healthcare personnel providing patient care. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is also important. If instruments are not disposable, they must be sterilized before being used again. Without adequate sterilization of the instruments, virus transmission can continue and amplify an outbreak.

Effective Rapid Cocaine Testing Kits |Rapid Cocaine Drug Test

Cocaine Testing | RapidTest.comLaboratories that offer expanded testing options to medical providers and patients are able to attract more business. Drug testing encourages employers and law enforcement agencies to work closely with labs in order to determine whether an individual has been using an illegal substance. Cocaine testing kits from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. utilize urine samples to determine whether it is likely that the individual being tested has used cocaine.

The absence of a colored band on this test indicates a positive result. This test is used to detect the presence of cocaine in the urine, and levels above a specified cut-off point will return a positive result. A colored band will show up if there is no cocaine in the urine sample.

Cocaine is excreted in the urine primarily as benzoylecgonine in a short period. A standard cut-off level of 300 ng/ml of benzoylecgonine is used for the cocaine rapid test. If laboratories would like the test to return results for a different level of benzoylecgonine, there are custom test strips available to meet these needs. The rapid test is most useful approximately 12 to 72 hours following cocaine use.

The Rapid Cocaine Drug Test test is only intended to give a preliminary result. Lab technicians are able to give this initial result to patients, employers or law enforcement agencies to ensure that further testing is pursued as needed.

A Look at Rapid Alcohol Testing | Alcohol Rapid tests

Alcohol Testing | RapidTest.comAlcohol Rapid tests are eminently reliable ways for testers to immediately determine if alcohol is present in the saliva in certain amounts. While follow-up tests are nearly always necessary in order to confirm the initial results, saliva tests, such as the options from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. , are meant to provide immediate data. Alcohol testing can usually determine if someone is indeed impaired. Men and women who have been found to be driving under the influence, drinking while on parole, or just generally abusing alcohol can be arrested, fired, or sent to court depending on the results of these tests.

Because alcohol intoxication can result in slowed brain function, it is essential that impaired individuals be taken off the road immediately. Rapid saliva tests are specifically adept at determining if ethyl alcohol is present in the saliva. The reactive pads in the test device will turn a certain color if ethyl alcohol is found. A positive result will show itself in as little as 20 seconds.

Laboratory workers will rely on these tests to begin moving toward a confirmation of the blood alcohol level. The Alcohol Rapid tests are considered eminently reliable, and law enforcement agencies are likely to use them more frequently going forward. The roads can thus be kept free of reckless drivers, and laboratory workers can ensure that the medical data is accurate.

MDMA Testing For Modern Employers | MDMA Rapid Drug Test

MDMA Testing | RapidTest.comThese days, drug abuse costs employers quite a bit in terms of time, money and aggravation. Employees with drug habits can cause a wide variety of accidents and problems. Fortunately, employers can do much to limit their liability. Drug tests can help employers identify staff members with drug problems. Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. offers a variety of drug test kits that can be used in drug testing labs. MDMA Rapid Drug Test is a popular one.

Lately, MDMA has become a major problem in modern society. Commonly known as ecstasy, this drug is known for creating initial feelings of euphoria and sociability. However, MDMA is highly addictive and can cause people to lose control of their lives. Research has shown that MDMA addicts are predisposed to steal. Drug testing is one of the best ways for improving employee productivity. The best drug test makers provide test kits that are affordable and effective. These tests are ideal for making sure that MDMA doesn’t cause problems in the workplace.

Throughout the modern world, MDMA testing has proven its value many times over. Although public health officials are doing their best to solve the illegal drug problem, the drug epidemic continues to affect people for years to come. As long as illegal drugs lead to widespread addiction, drug testing will continue to play an extremely important role for employers of all kinds. Certainly, MDMA isn’t the most dangerous drug known to humanity. However, this drug is serious enough to cause addiction and a wide number of associated problems.

Gonorrhea Tests for Doctors | Infectious Disease Rapid tests

Gonorrhea Tests | RapidTest.comSexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) have the potential to cause serious harm to those who are infected. Treatments and testings (Infectious Disease Rapid tests) are available for STDs, but these treatments are most effective when they are administered as early as possible after a person becomes infected. This makes it essential for sexually active individuals to undergo STD tests on a regular basis. Gonorrhea testing is especially important for sexually active women under the age of 25. Women who are over the age of 25 should be tested if they are active with more than one partner, and men are advised to be tested if they are sexually active with other men.

Infectious Disease Rapid tests from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. include gonorrhea testsSyphilis, Chlamydia and more. Doctors can use these tests to help diagnose their patients. Patients who believe that they may have an STD want answers as soon as possible, and antibiotics need to be administered as soon as a person is diagnosed with this condition. Complications like Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) can occur when people are not promptly treated. Rapid tests are used to detect antigens that are produced when a person has gonorrhea. The urine sample or swap specimen maybe used to make an initial diagnosis to determine whether patients will need to start an antibiotic to reduce the risk of complications.

Quality Hepatitis Rapid Tests for Your Needs

Hepatitis Tests | RapidTest.com

Hepatitis Rapid Tests | Rapid tests

Hepatitis refers to a group of viral infections that have the potential to cause major health issues for sufferers. Hepatitis A, B and C all affect the liver, but the severity of each condition varies according to the type of virus. Most people who have hepatitis A get better within a short period of time and require no treatment. However, people who suffer from hepatitis B can suffer from a chronic infection that has the potential to lead to liver cancer. Hepatitis C can lead to complications including cirrhosis and liver failure, so it is important for people who suffer from hepatitis to be diagnosed and treated.

Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. offers a full range of Hepatitis Rapid Tests that help doctors quickly diagnosis their patients to ensure prompt treatment to be provided as soon as possible. Waiting for a diagnosis is a stressful process for patients, and medical providers who care about the overall well-being of their patients are dedicated to providing a quick response to offer peace of mind. These tests can detect the presence of antigens or antibodies related to hepatitis. Tests are available to evaluate the level of antigens or antibodies present in serum, plasma or whole blood to provide an accurate diagnosis. These tests can even be used on donated blood to ensure that the virus is not spread to others.

Opiates Drug Test and Public Safety

Opiate Combination Test | RapidTest.comRight now, people are coming together across societal and social divides to work on ways to combat the epidemic of drug abuse. As more and more people deal with addictions to heroin and prescription painkillers, opiates are taking center stage in national drug policy. In line with trends across the developed world, policy makers in the United States are increasingly framing opiate abuse as a medical problem. Appropriately, opiate addicts are now more likely to be viewed as people who need help and support to overcome their addictions.

Despite the growth of this humane new approach, there is still a legitimate need to screen for opiate abuse. All of the understanding in the world can’t change the fact that opiate addiction can lead to accidents in the home and the workplace. Furthermore, it is a demonstrable fact that individuals in the throes of addiction are more likely to exhibit problem behaviors like theft and deception. For these and many other reasons, opiates drug testing remains a very important tool for building a safer society.

Diagnostic Automation/Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. opiate drug test (in combination) are ideal as they can immediately screen for a variety of different opiates. From doctors investigating their patients to employers vetting job applicants, many types of people use opiates drug testing as a matter of course. Using the best opiate combination tests, people can ensure they have safer environments with fewer avoidable problems or crises.

Reasons To Stock Your Lab With Marijuana Drug Tests

Marijuana Drug Tests | RapidTest.comMedical providers who stock their labs with Diagnostic Automation/Cortez Diagnostics, Inc.’s marijuana drug tests are able to provide a wider range of testing options to their patients. People who work for employers that require random drug testing often need to have a urine test for marijuana completed, and waiting for results can cause these individuals to be out of work. Rapid tests for marijuana use allow employers to quickly find out whether their employees are fit for work by providing instant results. This preliminary option for marijuana drug testing lets people know if they need to undergo more stringent testing. A more thorough test should be completed in the case of a positive result.

The marijuana drug InstaTest available in strip or cassette formats, evaluates the interaction between antibodies and antigens in the urine. This is a test that many laboratories do not provide for their patients, and people who need to undergo drug testing often have to turn to a specialized lab to have this test completed. Medical providers who are proactive about serving their patients can stock their labs with these tests. Diagnostic Automation/Cortez Diagnostics, Inc . tests are inexpensive and have a high rate of accuracy. A colored band appears when the test reads negative, and the absence of this band indicates that the individual is likely to have used marijuana in the recent past. This easy-to-read test expands the offerings of a lab for the convenience of patients.

How Our HIV Rapid Test Works

HIV Rapid Test | RapidTest.comPeople who believe that they may have contracted a dangerous disease live with the stress of not knowing until a test has been performed. The HIV Rapid Test from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. is designed to give doctors the opportunity to present patients with test results as quickly as possible.

This test works by evaluating the blood of the patient. A specimen of whole blood, serum and plasma must be provided in order for the test to be accurately completed. This specimen is then tested for the presence of HIV antibodies. These antibodies bond with the gold conjugated antigens that are provided in the test kit.

If HIV antibodies are present in the specimen, a red line appears in the test zone to indicate that the individual has tested positive for HIV. The control zone must appear red every time the test is performed. This control indicator is used to increase the accuracy of the test.

An accuracy rate of 99 percent means that patients are able to learn results quickly to determine whether treatment is necessary. Medical professionals have the option to repeat the test in the case of a positive result to ensure that it is not a false positive. The test can also be repeated by a confirmatory test.

Using Our Heroin and Methadone Rapid Drug Tests

Rapid Drug Tests | RapidTest.comUnderstanding which drugs are in your patient’s systems can affect how you treat someone. Heroin and methadone rapid drug tests from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. provide swift and accurate results. Whether you have a patient who is not being honest with you or are just not sure which drugs your patients are taking, these tests help you make the right choices.

Methadone, a synthetic opioid drug, is currently available as part of a treatment for severe pain and as an alternative for morphine and heroin addicts. Our tests can detect the presence of methadone in human urine samples. These tests are perfect for use in a point-of-care setting.

We also carry heroin tests that are part of our multiple drug tests. These selections can detect the presence of heroin, as well as morphine and other opiates in urine. The drugs can be detected several days after the time of administration. Our tests provide preliminary analytical test results. We recommend that a more specific alternative testing method to be performed in order to receive a confirmed report.

Contact Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. to ask any questions you may have about our rapid drug tests. We are ready to provide you with great options for your clinic, hospital, or lab.