Posts Tagged ‘rapidtests’

All you need to know about EBOLA

Risk of Exposure and History

Ebola viruses are found in several African countries. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks of Ebola among humans have appeared sporadically in Africa.

Risk

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with the blood or body fluids of sick patients. People also can become sick with Ebola after coming in contact with infected wildlife. For example, in Africa, Ebola may spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. The virus also can be spread through contact with objects (like clothes, bedding, needles, syringes/sharps or medical equipment) that have been contaminated with the virus or with infected animals.

Past Ebola Outbreaks

Past Ebola outbreaks have occurred in the following countries:

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
  • Gabon
  • South Sudan
  • Ivory Coast
  • Uganda
  • Republic of the Congo (ROC)
  • South Africa (imported)

Current Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history and is affecting multiple countries in West Africa. One imported case from Liberia and associated locally acquired cases in healthcare workers have been reported in the United States, and one confirmed case has been reported in Spain.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of Ebola include

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

Diagnosis

Diagnosing Ebola in an person who has been infected for only a few days is difficult, because the early symptoms, such as fever, are nonspecific to Ebola infection and are seen often in patients with more commonly occurring diseases, such as malaria and typhoid fever.

However, if a person has the early symptoms of Ebola and has had contact with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola, contact with objects that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola, or contact with infected animals, they should be isolated and public health professionals notified. Samples from the patient can then be collected and tested to confirm infection.

Transmission

Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola viruses has not yet been identified, the way in which the virus first appears in a human at the start of an outbreak is unknown. However, scientists believe that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal, such as a fruit bat or primate (apes and monkeys), which is called a spillover event. Person-to-person transmission follows and can lead to large numbers of affected people. In some past Ebola outbreaks, primates were also affected by Ebola, and multiple spillover events occurred when people touched or ate infected primates.

When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected fruit bats or primates (apes and monkeys)

Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only a few species of mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus.

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.

During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings (such as a clinic or hospital). Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, including masks, gowns, and gloves and eye protection.

Dedicated medical equipment (preferable disposable, when possible) should be used by healthcare personnel providing patient care. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is also important. If instruments are not disposable, they must be sterilized before being used again. Without adequate sterilization of the instruments, virus transmission can continue and amplify an outbreak.

Effective Rapid Cocaine Testing Kits |Rapid Cocaine Drug Test

Cocaine Testing | RapidTest.comLaboratories that offer expanded testing options to medical providers and patients are able to attract more business. Drug testing encourages employers and law enforcement agencies to work closely with labs in order to determine whether an individual has been using an illegal substance. Cocaine testing kits from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. utilize urine samples to determine whether it is likely that the individual being tested has used cocaine.

The absence of a colored band on this test indicates a positive result. This test is used to detect the presence of cocaine in the urine, and levels above a specified cut-off point will return a positive result. A colored band will show up if there is no cocaine in the urine sample.

Cocaine is excreted in the urine primarily as benzoylecgonine in a short period. A standard cut-off level of 300 ng/ml of benzoylecgonine is used for the cocaine rapid test. If laboratories would like the test to return results for a different level of benzoylecgonine, there are custom test strips available to meet these needs. The rapid test is most useful approximately 12 to 72 hours following cocaine use.

The Rapid Cocaine Drug Test test is only intended to give a preliminary result. Lab technicians are able to give this initial result to patients, employers or law enforcement agencies to ensure that further testing is pursued as needed.

A Look at Rapid Alcohol Testing | Alcohol Rapid tests

Alcohol Testing | RapidTest.comAlcohol Rapid tests are eminently reliable ways for testers to immediately determine if alcohol is present in the saliva in certain amounts. While follow-up tests are nearly always necessary in order to confirm the initial results, saliva tests, such as the options from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. , are meant to provide immediate data. Alcohol testing can usually determine if someone is indeed impaired. Men and women who have been found to be driving under the influence, drinking while on parole, or just generally abusing alcohol can be arrested, fired, or sent to court depending on the results of these tests.

Because alcohol intoxication can result in slowed brain function, it is essential that impaired individuals be taken off the road immediately. Rapid saliva tests are specifically adept at determining if ethyl alcohol is present in the saliva. The reactive pads in the test device will turn a certain color if ethyl alcohol is found. A positive result will show itself in as little as 20 seconds.

Laboratory workers will rely on these tests to begin moving toward a confirmation of the blood alcohol level. The Alcohol Rapid tests are considered eminently reliable, and law enforcement agencies are likely to use them more frequently going forward. The roads can thus be kept free of reckless drivers, and laboratory workers can ensure that the medical data is accurate.

Our High-Quality HCG Tests| HCG Rapid Tests

HCG Tests | RapidTest.comPregnancy HCG tests detect the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in either urine or serum. Production of this hormone increases steadily through the first five months of pregnancy, and urine is an easy way to perform the test; however, certain conditions are required.

The test can be performed at any time of day, but a urine sample from first thing in the morning is preferable due to a higher concentration of the hormone. Women should not drink an excessive amount of water to induce urination because it will dilute the sample and make it more difficult to detect the hCG. Additionally, the test should not be performed too early in a woman’s cycle or there is a risk of false negatives.

The hormone hCG is present in in women blood or urine shortly after conception, but it’s more easily detected after embryo implantation. This occurs, on average, within 10 days after conception. Levels of hCG can first be detected by a blood test about 11 days after conception and about 12 – 14 days after conception by a urine test. An hCG level of less than 5mIU/ml is considered negative for pregnancy, and anything above 25mIU/ml is considered positive for pregnancy.

If a pregnancy test shows negative results, repeating it a week later, especially with the morning’s first urine, is likely to be more accurate. Come to Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. to see the selection of HCG Rapid Tests we have available.

A Broad Overview of Rapid STD Testing | Infectious Disease rapid tests

Rapid STD Testing | RapidTest.comIn a world where sexually transmitted diseases are still an eminently serious problem, individuals who think they may be at risk will likely want to consult with a reputable testing facility as soon as possible. Infectious Disease Rapid tests can give men and women an immediate answer as to whether or not they are infected. While a more comprehensive test will be able to confirm the results, patients can begin taking prescriptive medication to ameliorate the symptoms of the disease before it progresses to the next stage.

A number of sexually transmitted diseases can be diagnosed with rapid testing, such as HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. The tests are designed to look for specific antibodies in the blood/Serum or plasma that are associated with the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Unlike bacteria cultures, which must be sent to a lab, rapid STD tests will provide a reasonably accurate answer within just a few minutes. Patients will receive their diagnosis at the clinic or the doctor’s office.

Rapid testing is eminently useful for physicians. If, for example, individuals test positive for HIV, a treatment plan can be immediately devised. While false negatives will still need to be ruled out, the benefits of this testing method far outweigh the drawbacks. Come to Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. to see the selection of rapid STD tests we have available.

Diagnosing Chlamydia using our Chlamydia Rapid Tests

Chlamydia Rapid Tests | RapidTest.comHaving a sexually transmitted disease is problematic for a sexually active person. First of all, it’s painful and generally unsightly. Second of all, it’s easy to pass it on to another person without using proper protection. Help your patients discover if they have a sexually transmitted disease using rapid tests from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. Our business offers a wide array of STD tests, including Chlamydia Rapid Tests for both men and women.

Chlamydia is a relatively common sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium. This disease can be transmitted during vaginal sex, as well as oral and anal sex. In men, it usually infects the urethra, causing a white discharge that may or may not be painful. When it affects women, they generally have no symptoms and do not even know that they are infected. This is why it’s very important to be tested for sexually transmitted diseases in individuals who are actively seeking out new sexual partners. You may not even know you have it!

When you are interested in ordering our chlamydia rapid tests for your needs, you can place your order online today. Members of our customer service team are available to answer any questions you may have about these cassette tests.

More Rapid Drug Tests for Your Needs | Drug test kits

Rapid Drug Tests | RapidTest.comIn the past, we have covered some of the rapid drug tests that we have available. Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. continues to offer quick and efficient drug test kits that can be used to see if someone has been abusing drugs. Using our tests, you can figure out what kind of additional testing is necessary. Our tests include:

  • Marijuana Drug Tests – While marijuana is gaining steam as a legal drug, it is still illegal as a recreational drug in many places throughout the United States and the world. Cassette and strip marijuana tests are available for preliminary testing.
  • K2 or Spice Drug Test – At one point, this was a legal alternative to marijuana. Many people began using it and it eventually became illegal. Studies have shown that this drug can make people unstable. 
  • MDMA or Ecstasy Drug Test – This party drug is still very popular among teens and young adults. This test is ideal when used in a point of care setting. 

Take a look at our portfolio of rapid drug tests and see which selections you would like to use in your lab. Our company knows that you look for dependable tests to help you understand what you may need to take when treating someone who is abusing drugs.

Testing for Herpes Simplex 1 & 2 | Herpes Simplex Elisa kits

Herpes is a very serious viral disease. This disease is caused by both the Herpes Simplex virus type 1, also known as HSV-1, and type 2, also known as HSV-2. People often get herpes on the lips, which is the most common form of the infection, but one can also catch genital, ocular, and neonatal herpes. Using ELISA kits from Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc., you can figure out if you or your patients are suffering from this disease. We offer the following kits:

Check out our selection and choose the kit that fits your needs. Additional herpes kits are available. The team at Diagnostic Automation / Cortez Diagnostics, Inc., work hard to make sure we provide you with the best and most affordable ELISA kits on the market.