Diabetes: The Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2

sugar-973899_640Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes both share the problem of high levels of blood sugar. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and the complications of both types of diabetes, but the similarities stop there. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are two different diseases. In the United States, 25.8 million people have diabetes; type 1 diabetes affects just 5 percent of those people, with type 2 diabetes affecting up to 95 percent.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease – the body’s immune system attacking the cells in the pancreas that makes insulin. The exact cause is uncertain, but it is thought that a combination of the body’s genes, as well as environmental triggers, lead to this condition.

A portion of the cause of Type 2 diabetes can be inherited and makes a person susceptible, but lifestyle factors like obesity and inactivity are also key components. With type 2 diabetes, at least in the early stages, there is enough insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of the disease, a poor diet, an inactive lifestyle and obesity.

Presently there is no prevention or cure for type 1 diabetes. As for type 2 diabetes, a healthy lifestyle, including a well-balanced diet and moderate exercise, are key to prevention as well as reducing issues after diagnosis. Are you a doctor’s office, lab or hospital and need quick diabetes testing tools such as Diabetes Assays Elisa Kits, check out our selection at RapidTest.com.

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