Managing Type 2 Diabetes

diabetes-592006_640Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your body does not make enough insulin. The symptoms of high blood sugar include fatigue, blurred vision, increased appetite and excessive thirst and urination.

The normal blood sugar range for diabetics, as determined by the American Diabetes Association, is between 70 and 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL a few hours after you began eating.

Diet is an essential component to managing type 2 diabetes symptoms. While there is no cure-all diet that is perfect for everyone, dietary choices are important in keeping blood sugar levels in a safe range for everyone affected.

Low fat diet – Foods that are high in sodium, saturated fats, cholesterol, and trans fat can elevate your risk for heart disease and stroke. Foods rich in good fats – monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat – can help lower cholesterol levels. Foods to avoid: red meat, bacon, processed foods, high-fat dairy products like cheese.

Fruits and vegetables – Balancing carbohydrates, fats, and sugars are integral to a diabetes-friendly diet. Foods to eat: leafy green vegetables, nuts, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, beans and peas, fresh low-sugar fruits (blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, cranberries, pears, cantaloupes, grapefruit, and cherries).

Starches – Starches are another type of food your body converts into blood glucose. They not only provide a source of energy but also vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Foods to eat: whole grain versions of bread, pasta, cereal, rice, crackers, and tortillas. Foods to avoid: potato chips, packaged snacks, candy bars.

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